Note that many Cambodian people see that Hun Sen is smart because he knows how to utilize those thousand advisers around him to lead the country. This perception is absolutely wrong. Hun Sen has no critical thinking to operate and envision the government at all. Yes, Hun Sen, Chea Sim and Heng Samrin have shared the same value "No Critical Thinking in Building Political Institution" at all. They just work according to others' envisioning.
As Koun Khmer has clearly simplified the theory and debate of political institution, and his scholarship has articulated in general. Hence, readers can use this profound writing to dig out incumbent Cambodian political institution.
The article has showed us clearly that two alternatives keeping power for autocracratic regime like current Cambodian government are the winning coalition and a large selectorate. According to the theory he quoted in his academic preference, Bueno et al has intentionally concluded that many developing countries which have headed towards democracy finally ended up in autocracy. Cambodia is one of them which is currently carrying a facade of democracy.
- Judicial system is a mockery institution to back the winning coalition.
- The opposition party is still very weak and it is not included in political institution of the nation. Evidently, this vibrant political party has been marginalized and discriminated by the ruling government.
- Election has been carried out by biased committees and unfair of media and budget contribution.
- Monarchy has been used to legitimize the winning coalition.
- The assembly is not independent.
- No democratic countries in this world that has kept one leader for unlimited mandate.
- No check and balance in Cambodia.
- Cambodian people are being used as the political tools to bargain power and foreign aids
- The past trauma and suffering of Cambodian people has been used to weaken them more and worsen the situation.
All these are coinciding with the theory of "Don Dien" used by Vietnamese scholars and leaders to expand their territory hundred years ago. Don Dien simply means "clearing the dense forest in order to set up village and village operating system". Expanding approaches counting from Champa to Prey Norkor, and to current Kampuchea Krom, it has shared these same tactics.
Now, it is Cambodia! After the whitening out of political institution during Khmer Rouge regime, the coming of Vietnamese troops and their experts immediately structured and managed to operate Cambodian political institution. Yes, the Vietnamese leaders tried to catch Sihanouk to stay in power, but Chinese commandos took his away.
The presence of UNTAC in Cambodia didn't help break this installed political institution at all. As the result, until now Cambodian political institution has been only added on to the existing figure to make it stronger and lasting. 98% of former installed leaders within this structure has been remained the same and slightly changed.
According to Thanh, a Vietnamese writer has lamented that Vietnamese people have to struggle against their former powerful enemy, China. All tactics including growing population and swallowing its neighbors is the key objective of all Vietnamese leaders. Cambodia and Lao has been the key target for Vietnamese leadership to expand as well as to absorb in the manner of impostoring in order to hide from China's eagle eyes. Our lesson has been repeated again like during the Khmer Rouge regime. After Ho Chi Minh disengaged from China to independently operate their country and invade Cambodia, Uncle Ho had back-up plan already in hand ie to impostor all their cadres within the Khmer Rouge troops to secretly work within Khmer Rouge groups.
At the moment, Chinese aids and investment has undeniably benefited the installed structure which has employed many impostering leaders. If we closely eye on Ho Namhong, he visited China and makes friend with China at the outside appearance only, internally Ho Namhong has good plan to undermine China.
Ho Namhong is not different from Ieng Sary who many scholars wondered that why Ieng Sary had successfully implored many foreign Khmer scholars to go back home and those were terribly executed. During the returning back and dissolution of Khmer Rouge group, Ieng Sary was the first Khmer Rouge and possibly only one him who got a very good favor from the government. Recent speech of Ho Namhong on threatening to closs UNs headquarter in Cambodia is not simple, and it is not from Hun Sen idea. It is clearly from Ho Namhong who is one among other expert of this impostering structure.
The summary of those two alternatives of keeping autocratic government in power in Cambodia are following:
What are those factors endorsing winning coalition?
1. Cambodian monarchy
2. Cambodian Buddhist Sangha
3. Patron-clientele value embedding within major Cambodian people.
What are those factors endorsing a large selectorate?
1. Commune and village chiefs which are pineapple eyes for government
2. Kleptocratic network
3. Economic monopoly
4. Major representatives in the assembly...etc
Mr. Va Kimhong is a leading man of drumming border issue to strategically achieve: change Cambodian history in favor of neo-imperialism of Vietnam and to disengage Khmer Kampuchea Krom from Cambodia as well as to test its prowess of new political institution Vietnam has built since 1979.
Mr. Ho Namhong will lead a successful foreign policy to contaminate all international credentials that can ensure Cambodian sovereignty.
A bunch of advisers within the government will try to ensure that Monarchy, Buddhism and Ruling Party are binding together strongly.
Note that many Cambodian people see that Hun Sen is smart because he knows how to utilize those thousand advisors around him to lead the country. This perception is absolutely wrong. Hun Sen has no critical thinking to operate and envision the government at all. Yes, Hun Sen, Chea Sim and Heng Samrin have shared the same value "No Critical Thinking in Building Political Institution" at all. They just work according to others' envisioning.
From scenario I to III, we can come up to denounce who are Khmer Traitors exactly.
I would like to conclude my discussion in this week forum now and see you again soon.